Agriculture is the backbone of human civilization but it is one of the last to enter the connection economy – IoT. Challenges in the global food issue require farmers to look for better ways to feed their population, which is projected to increase 2 billion by 2050. That makes IoT technology more meaningful than ever. Sensory improvements, big data, network infrastructure … are expected to bring about a revolution in agriculture that will enable food supply for the rapidly growing world population but at the same time create a payroll fresh, more nutritious.
IoT in agriculture is being strongly invested
Venture capitalists have invested huge amounts of money in agricultural and food start-ups. Conservis has called $ 10 million to provide farmers with a real-time tracking solution in their farming. FarmLogs invests $ 4 million in the distribution of applications that help farmers increase productivity and profitability by identifying the most suitable crop to sell.
The Innovation Endeavors of Eric Schmidt and Flextronics Lab IX have announced the Farm2050, a startup support group in the “ag-tech” (agronomic) start-up sector that has solutions to help drive global food production.
In Israel, the Agricultural Research Organization (ARO) was established in 1921, conducting drip irrigation technology and water desalination; Cultivation under environmental protection; Freshwater fish farming in water shortage; Reduce agricultural losses through the use of insect control and post-harvest preservation; Trees and animals are well adapted to different geographic conditions.
Besides developing countries, many countries and territories in Asia have also shifted their quantitative agriculture towards quality agriculture, apply biotechnology, automation technology, mechanization, computerization … to create products of high quality, safe and effective.
IoT resolves agricultural worries
Smart connection process
Sensor data has become particularly useful in modern agriculture because of the ability to provide specific information to farmers on exactly what a piece of field needs at any given time.
For example, putting a humidity sensor at a certain point in the field can tell the farmer exactly when it should be watered. With this system, farmers will avoid wastage of water as well as damage crops due to not detect drought in time.
Besides, the sensor can be connected to a warning application that can be connected directly to an irrigation system so that the process can be completely automated. This technology allows the farmer to control the process to a certain degree, but also facilitates the model of indoors cultivation, which allows for full management of the farming conditions.
One example that can be cited is the Food Computers created by the OpenAG team, with sensors, environmental controls, and data in the form of “weather formulas.” The special condition of the Food Computer is that it can be manually installed or calibrated, and can adapt to natural environmental conditions, or create ideal synthetic conditions.
The plants will be cared for specifically to influence the genetic code they carry, leading to the only phoneme of food. By using the specific conditions of the “weather formula”, the farmer can choose properties such as taste, color, yield, growth rate, etc.
Hanging Gardens – solve the problem area
In-house agriculture uses hydroponic and aerated cultivation systems to grow trees under LED lights, without the need for land, which saves energy, low costs, and high sustainability. Hanging garden models are booming in cities around the world as the concept of “local farming” is increasing relative to the growing population density. This new form of farming is becoming a new trend in the food industry with the benefits it brings.
As the trend toward using organic products became more prevalent, the food and agriculture industries began to increase their focus on finding a cost-effective and low-cost alternative to pesticides.
Pheromones (substances that are used as chemical signals between individuals of the same species, which are secreted by insects and which may cause specific reactions to other individuals of the same species) Particularly useful when combined with the power of IoT. Similar semiconductor wireless sensor networks monitor the number of pests, and when the number of insect pests is detected to be too high, the pheromones dispersive system is capable of measurement, which automatically activates and prevents to prevent the pestilence process. This helps to minimize and in some cases completely replace the use of pesticides.
Farming under limited water conditions is a historic challenge, requiring the ability to master irrigation systems and complex data collection. To address the drought problem, farmers need to minimize waste, avoid excessive or excessive use of water, and manage water costs in an active manner.
IoT enterprise class software is involved in solving this problem. With wireless embedded devices and soil monitoring systems such as Smart Watering Systems and Observant, farmers can measure moisture, detect leaks and manage energy efficiency more effectively in real time.